Gardens and gardening in the Chesapeake, 1700-1805

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Johns Hopkins University Press,
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The mid-Atlantic region is fortunate to have an abundance of houses and buildings that date to the eighteenth century. Fine examples of the furniture, paintings, and other objects that filled these houses survive in museums and private collections. But what of the gardens that surrounded these early homes? Virtually all of them have been reclaimed by wilderness or altered by later residents.

In Gardens and Gardening in the Chesapeake , Barbara Wells Sarudy recovers this lost world using a remarkable variety of sources--historic maps, travelers' accounts, diaries, paintings (some on the backs of Baltimore painted chairs), account ledgers, catalogues, and newspaper advertisements. She offers an engaging account of the region's earliest gardens, introducing us to the people who designed and tended these often elaborate landscapes and explaining the forces and finances behind their creation.

Many of Sarudy's stories concern the gentry and their great estates. She tells of Charles Carroll of Annapolis, who spent the 1770s fretting about revolutionary politics and designing geometric landscapes for his home--and who died in 1783, the result of a fall in his beloved garden. She describes Charles Ridgely's terraced garden at Hampton, one of more than seventy geometric gardens that dotted the hills around Baltimore in the 1800s. And she recalls Rosalie Stier Calvert's quest for beauty and utility in her garden at Riversdale, where at great expense she ordered the installation of an ornamental lake to improve the view while also providing ice for the kitchen and fish for the table.

Beyond the gentry, Sarudy tells the less familiar stories of the gardeners, laborers, nurserymen, and seed dealers whose skills and efforts transformed the Chesapeake landscape. In Virginia, royal gardeners arrived from England to maintain the grounds of the Governor's Palace and the College of William and Mary. In Maryland, the Jesuits paid independent garden contractors to maintain their kitchen and medicinal-botanical gardens. Most Chesapeake gardeners, of course, relied on indentured servants or slaves to install and maintain their gardens--or did the work themselves--and Sarudy tells their stories, as well.

Throughout, she relates gardens and gardening to the larger forces that lay behind them. During the Revolution, for example, attempts to demonstrate republican simplicity and independence helped to create a distinctly American garden style. William Faris, an Annapolis watchmaker and innkeeper, went so far as to describe his improved varieties of tulips as symbols of the new nation--and took particular pride in naming them to honor national heroes such as President Washington.

From the favorite books of early gardeners to the republican balance between table and ornamental gardens, Sarudy includes details that give us an unprecedented understanding of Chesapeake gardening from settlement through the early national period. Her postscript describes the ultimate fate of the region's eighteenth century gardens--some of which survive (in more or less authentic form) and can still be visited and enjoyed.

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Grouped Work ID ae7e09a8-ad15-8a91-fabe-170a83f855da
Grouping Title gardens and gardening in the chesapeake 1700 1805
Grouping Author sarudy barbara wells
Grouping Category book
Last Grouping Update 2018-02-18 04:48:36AM
Last Indexed 2019-05-20 04:42:27AM

Solr Details

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author Sarudy, Barbara Wells.
author_display Sarudy, Barbara Wells
available_at_aacpl Annapolis Library, Broadneck Library
collection_aacpl ADULT
detailed_location_aacpl A A Co. Archaeology Lab in Edgewater - Call 410-222-1318 to verify availability., Annapolis Library - MD Gold Star/Temporarily located at the Truxal Library AACC, Broadneck Library - Nonfiction
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format_category_aacpl Books
id ae7e09a8-ad15-8a91-fabe-170a83f855da
isbn 9780801858239
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itype_aacpl Adult Nonfiction, Available at the A A Co. Archaeology Lab in Edgewater, Maryland Gold Star / Does not circulate from Annapolis Branch
last_indexed 2019-05-20T08:42:27.03Z
lexile_score -1
literary_form Non Fiction
literary_form_full Non Fiction
local_callnumber_aacpl * MD 712.0975 S, MD 712.0975 S, R 712.0975 S
owning_library_aacpl Anne Arundel County Public Library
owning_location_aacpl Annapolis Library, Broadneck Library
primary_isbn 9780801858239
publishDate 1998
record_details ils:a137157|Book|Books||English|Johns Hopkins University Press,|1998.|206 p. : ill. (some col. ill.) ; 26 cm., ils:a208571|Book|Books||English|Johns Hopkins University Press,|c1998.|206 p. : ill. (some col. ill.) ; 26 cm., ils:a568195|Book|Books||English|Johns Hopkins University Press,|1998.|206 p. : ill. (some col. ill.) ; 26 cm.
recordtype grouped_work
Bib IdItem IdGrouped StatusStatusLocally OwnedAvailableHoldableBookableIn Library Use OnlyLibrary OwnedHoldable PTypesBookable PTypesLocal Url
ils:a208571 31997052256872 On Shelf On Shelf false true false false false true
ils:a568195 31997064071970 On Shelf On Shelf false true false false false true
ils:a137157 31997061050969 On Shelf On Shelf false true true false false true
subject_facet Anne Arundel County Archaeology Research Library, Gardening -- Chesapeake Bay Region (Md. and Va.) -- History -- 18th century, Gardens -- Chesapeake Bay Region (Md. and Va.) -- History -- 18th century, Maryland Gold Star Collection
title_display Gardens and gardening in the Chesapeake, 1700-1805
title_full Gardens and gardening in the Chesapeake, 1700-1805 [Gold Star] / Barbara Wells Sarudy, Gardens and gardening in the Chesapeake, 1700-1805 [Joan Cass Beck Collection] / Barbara Wells Sarudy
title_short Gardens and gardening in the Chesapeake, 1700-1805
topic_facet Gardening, Gardens, History